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Journey Describing Biological Activities and Chemical Constituents in the Leaves, Stem Bark and Seed of Putranjiva roxburghii

[ Vol. 4 , Issue. 4 ]


Parsa Dar*, Muhammad Faisal, Amara Dar and Usama Waqas   Pages 263 - 278 ( 16 )


Putranjiva roxburghii belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae (spurge family). It is a moderate sized evergreen tree which grows in moist evergreen forests. This tree has antiinflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-nociceptive, anti-pyretic, anti-emetic, cytotoxic, hypoglycemic, larvicidal, cytogenetic toxicity, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, radioprotective, CNS depressant and analgesic activities, and contains terpenoids, mustard oils, flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, glycosides and phenolic compounds. Owing to the diverse biological significance and chemical constituents of Putranjiva roxburghii, this tree is regarded as highly beneficial and useful and further study on this tree is urgently needed. This critical review summarizes the literature dealing with ethnomedical uses, chemical constituents, and pharmacological profile of the leaf, stem bark and seed of putranjiva roxburghii. Particular attention is given to its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperlipidemic, diuretic, hepatoprotective, anthelmintic, and anti-bacterial effects so that its potential uses in pharmaceutics can be better evaluated. We hope that adequate amount of information in this review endorses the importance of this tree and attracts the attention of readers to further explore biological diversity.


Putranjiva roxburghii, Refrigerant, Aphrodisiac, Ethnomedical, Analgesic, Antibacterial, Antihyperlipidemic, Anthelmintic.


Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Centre for Undergraduate Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Epidemics Prevention & Control (EP&C), Directorate General of Health Services, Government of The Punjab, Lahore

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