Omar Husham Ahmed Al-Attraqchi, Pran Kishore Deb* and Noor Husham Ahmed Al-Attraqchi Pages 260 - 277 ( 18 )
The extracts of Valeriana officinalis (V. officinalis) are among the most widely used herbal medications worldwide. The roots of this medicinal plant have been shown to be rich in a diverse set of phytochemicals that are biologically active. Various classes of chemical compounds are present in the roots of V. officinalis including, terpenes valepotriates and lignans. The high amount of bioactive chemical components in the extracts of this plant gives it potential medicinal applications in different pathological conditions such as sleep disorders, cardiovascular diseases, anxiety and depression. The most common medicinal use of V. officinalis extract is for the treatment of insomnia and improving the quality of sleep. Mild sedative effects of the extract, as well as the absence of any significant side effects, make it a popular alternative to the synthetic sedative drugs which are usually associated with undesirable adverse effects. In this review, the bioactive chemical components of V. officinalis and their pharmacological activities are highlighted. Also, the medicinal applications of valerian (V. officinalis) extracts and the possible mechanisms of action for the activities are discussed.
Valeriana officinalis, valerian, valerenic acid, valepotriates, bioactive, sedative drugs.
Faculty of Pharmacy, Philadelphia University, Amman, Faculty of Pharmacy, Philadelphia University, Amman, Department of Pharmacognosy, Mosul University, Mosul