Shalu Pal, Rupali S. Prasad, Satyendra K. Prasad, Ramesh K. Goyal and Mahaveer Dhobi* Pages 272 - 285 ( 14 )
Background: Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew. (Kareel) is a multifunctional perennial woody plant that belongs to the family Capparaceae, widely distributed in the hot arid regions of different parts of the world, especially in the Indian subcontinent, Africa and Saudi Arabia.Objective: The review aims at presenting updated information with respect to ethnopharmacological relevance and recent findings on phytochemical and biological activities of Capparis decidua. Method: The literature survey was carried out with the help of various sources such as Scifinder, Pubmed, Scopus, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Results: Phytochemical review of the plant revealed the presence of mainly glycosides, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, volatile oils, fatty acids and steroids that possess immense pharmacological activities. The plant has been used traditionally as an expectorant, carminative, digestive, stimulant, antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, anodyne, anthelmintic and is also useful in ailments like cough, dropsy, dyspepsia, intermittent fever, asthma, intestinal worms, constipation, lumbago, odontalgia, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea and cardiac disorders. Several pharmacological and biological activities using various parts of the plant have been reported like antidiabetic, antiparasitic, analgesic, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, anti-gout, in-vitro cytotoxicity activity, antihyperlipidemic, anti-atherosclerotic, antinephrolithiasis, anti-microbial and anti-fungal. Nutritionally, the fruits of the plant are used for preparing pickles and has also been used in food preparations since ancient times. Conclusion: Even though the plant has numerous pharmacological properties, there are many secluded pharmacological activities of the plant which still need to be explored. Considering the importance of the plant in the pharmaceutical and nutritional area, the present review is an attempt to focus on up-to-date studies performed on the plant C. decidua, mainly concerning the phytochemical and pharmacological significance, which will benefit researchers having an interest in the relevant field.
Capparis decidua, Kareel, Capparaceae, pharmacological activities, multifunctional.
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University, Sector 3, Pushp Vihar, New Delhi, 110017, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur, Maharashtra-440033, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur, Maharashtra-440033, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University, Sector 3, Pushp Vihar, New Delhi, 110017, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Delhi Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research University, Sector 3, Pushp Vihar, New Delhi, 110017